Adnan Mufti was born in 1949 into a well known, religious family in Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq. When he was 14 years old he became a member of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and from 1971 to 1974 he was Head of the Student’s Union for the Al-Mustansiriya College, University of Baghdad where he was a student in accountancy. His political activities led to his imprisonment in 1971 at the Directorate of General Security, Baghdad and because of the constant threat to his life he was eventually forced to leave Baghdad during the final year of his degree course in 1974. He was finally able to complete his degree in 2000 when he attended Suliemaniah University in order to do so.
In 1974, following the collapse of the relations between the Kurdish Revolution and the Ba’athist regime he left his studies and joined the Kurdish revolutionaries and was involved in raising financial support for the Aylul Revolution. The following year he became a member of the newly established board of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) which was founded on June 1st 1975. Adnan played a prominent role in the newly formed party and from late 1975 he was the PUK representative in Damascus where he worked on behalf of the party until returning to Iraq in 1978 as a Peshmerga in the New Revolution. In recognition of his commitment to Kurdish politics and the revolution he was made a leading member of the Kurdistan Socialist Party on August 8th 1979.
A fluent speaker of English, Persian,Turkish and French, in addition to Kurdish and Arabic, Adnan played a prominent role in developing international relations and raising international awareness of the Kurdish cause over the next 14 years. His work took him to many cities including Damascus, Cairo, Paris, Stockholm, London and Washington and he participated in numerous Regional and International Conferences. In 1995 he became a member of the PUK Presidency and was in charge of the PUK Third Centre and was involved in maintaining harmony amongst the factions. He played a major role in the conventions held in Tehran, London and Damascus that led to the signing of the Ankara Treaty in 1996 and became the PUK representative in Cairo. He remained in Cairo for three years during which he organised the Kurd-Arab Dialogue of 1998.
In the Second PUK General Congress in 2001, when he was re-elected as a Member of the Presidency and as a Member of the PUK Politburo, and in June 2009 he was elected to both again.
In 1999 he became the Minister of Municipality and in 2000 he was appointed as Minister of Finance and Economics for the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) and he became Deputy Prime Minister in 2001. He was elected as president of the Kurdistan Parliament on June 4th 2005 and completed his term of office in late 2009.
Adnan’s political beliefs and commitment to the Kurdish cause have lead to several attempts on his life. In 1974, together with other Kurdish revolutionaries, he was a target of the Iraqi Ba’athist government’s jet fighters in airstrikes carried out in the Choman District. Then on November 24th 1987he was a victim of the thallium poisoning of Kurds that was carried out by the Iraqi Government’s Intelligence Department in the Marga area. The poison had been placed in food served during a meal and three of Adnan’s colleagues tragically died within days. Fortunately Adnan survived and was flown to London where he was hospitalised and treated for months. Then, on February 1st 2004, he was badly injured in a suicide bomber attack at the PUK headquarters in Erbil where was attending the Eid celebration. Many were killed but the intervention of his bodyguard miraculously saved Adnan. Sadly his bodyguard died in protecting Adnan who required four months of hospital treatment for the injuries he sustained and he still receives medical attention for those injuries.
Adnan Mufti is the author of two books published in Arabic
· The Relations Between Arabs and Kurds, Cairo 1998
· The Arab-Kurd Dialogue, Cairo 1999
He is also the author of numerous magazine and newspaper articles in both Kurdish and Arabic.